You may be shocked to hear me say this…
Not every organization needs enterprise risk management (ERM).
Of course, before you can know if your organization needs ERM, you have to make sure you understand the differences between ERM and traditional risk management.
Then you can start the next step in the process:
Step 1: Is ERM suitable for the organization?
This step is all about determining the appropriateness of ERM for your organization. Does it make sense to dedicate the resources – both time and money – to a formal ERM program?
Please note that I am not saying that an organization shouldn’t have risk management. No way! All organizations should have risk management, but there are two main factors to knowing if ERM is appropriate: 1) the way your organization is structured and 2) the kind of business the organization is conducting.
Here are guidelines to know if a formal ERM program is right for your organization.
You may NOT need ERM if:
- You have a small company with few employees and no board of directors;
- Your organization has a standard product or service that introduces little risk;
- Your company’s product or service introduces low-probability risks that are easily shared through insurance or similar options; or
- The organization is not subject to fines or other severe actions by governing bodies.
You DO need ERM if:
- Your company is publicly traded or has regulatory requirements for formal risk management (check out this post regarding credit ratings and ERM and this post on ORSA for insurance companies);
- Company operations are complex, such as having multiple locations under different jurisdictions;
- The company’s products or services introduce risks that are not fully insurable;
- The company operates in a volatile industry, such as energy or pharmaceuticals; or
- Your organization has a history of legal sanctions, regulatory fines, negative public perception, or financial issues.
By the way, a non-profit may need ERM as well. Check out this post on the topic.
Step 2: Does the organization need ERM?
All businesses conduct informal risk management in some form or another. It’s important to determine if those existing processes are sufficient to meet the organization’s needs and goals.
Perhaps the risk efforts of the strategic planning, project management, and vendor management teams adequately identify risks to the organization and provides this information to leadership for decision-making. If leadership believes those risks are being managed appropriately, then it may be better to strengthen those processes or expand upon them without creating a formal ERM Program.
However, it should be noted that without an ERM Program, there is no unit responsible for identifying and managing risks to the entire organization, outside of the business unit siloes.
As I mentioned previously, having dedicated resources for risk management processes are a best practice to ensure that risks are being proactively identified and managed on an ongoing basis. Sometimes having one person responsible for coordinating and facilitating is the most effective way of managing risks.
Perhaps no serious risk issues have occurred to date, but without that high-level view, and a team responsible for facilitating risk identification on an ongoing basis, risks could occur at any time. Leadership should be made aware of this potential and should knowingly accept the risk if they choose to forego a formal ERM Program.
Making the case for ERM
Based on the outcome, this assessment should help you make the case for ERM at your organization. As you can tell, I didn’t go into the benefits of ERM, which I have discussed in previous posts like this one.
What outcome is right for your organization?
I would love to hear from you in the comments below or in the LinkedIn discussion.
If your organization needs ERM but is having difficulties taking the next step, read my posts about designing and launching an ERM program. Or you can contact me (Carol@ERMInsightsbyCarol.com) to begin discussing your organization’s needs today!
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